All You Need to Know About Hernia & Its Types

September | 2022

A hernia is a noticeable lump that moves both in and out when you cough, have a bowel movement, exercise, or lift an object.This can cause very severe pain and throbbing in the groin or scrotum. There is, but it disappears when you lie down.

Types of Hernia:

The most common hernia (up to 75% of all abdominal hernias) is the inguinal hernia. It is a swelling in the groin that very often occurs when standing and decreases when lying down. Both women and men can get hernias.

  • Hiatal Hernia: A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach is pushed through the opening in the diaphragm and into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a thin muscular wall that separates the chest cavity from the abdomen. The esophagus and stomach meet at the diaphragm opening. Some people with a hiatus hernia have the same symptoms as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
  • Umbilical Hernia: This is an umbilical hernia. It is especially common types of hernia in female after pregnancy. Umbilical hernia is the most common cause of deformity in the umbilical region.
  • Femoral Hernia: This is also seen in bars. more common in female than in male. People have pain in the upper inner thigh or groin. Other types of hernias include incisional hernias, epigastric hernias, Spigelian hernias, and diaphragmatic hernias.

What Causes a Hernia?

Inguinal and femoral hernias are caused because of weakened muscles that may have been present since birth, or because they may be related to aging and repetitive stress on the abdomen and groin. Stress can come from exercise, obesity, pregnancy, frequent coughing, or toilet strain from constipation.

Adults can develop an umbilical hernia as a result of abdominal stress, being overweight, prolonged strong coughing, or after giving birth. The cause of hiatal hernia is not well known, but it is partly due to the weakening of the diaphragm with age and the pressure on the abdomen.


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